Jacqueline Moudeïna, a Chadian lawyer and human rights activist, leads the effort to bring to trial the former Chadian dictator Hissène Habré and to achieve justice for his victims.
Habré, president of Chad from 1982 to 1990, is accused of eliminating anyone who threatened his authority. The files of his dreaded political police, recovered by Human Rights Watch, reveal the names of 1,208 people who were killed or died in detention and 12,321 victims of human rights violations. After he was deposed and fled to Senegal, Habré lived in quiet luxury in Dakar for 22 years.
Since 2000, Moudeïna has represented Habré's victims in Senegal, Belgium, and Chad. Her work extends far beyond the Habré case. As president of the Chadian Association for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights, the leading human rights nongovernmental organization in Chad, she has assumed a prominent role on such issues as prisoners' rights, conditions for child herders, women's rights, and corruption.
A 2012 grant from the Cultures of Resistance Network supported Moudeïna's extensive human rights work. Human Rights Watch's Alison des Forges Fund served as a fiscal sponsor for this grant.